The superior weapons of quality, or quantity helped the great powers shape the whole landscape of World War II

One of the weapons that helped shape World War II was the Higgins landing craft. Without the Higgins, the Normandy landings may never be successful. The Higgins was typically constructed from plywood, this shallow-draft, barge-like boat could ferry a roughly platoon-sized complement of 36 men to shore at 9 knots (17 km/h).

Men generally entered the boat by climbing down a cargo net hung from the side of their troop transport; they exited by charging down the boat’s lowered bow ramp. During the landing on Normandy, the Higgins saved the lives of many soldiers, creating great flexibility in the Allied plan.

Higgins Boat
Higgins Boat

During World War II, Hitler’s primary goal was to defeat the Soviet Union quickly and decisively. In October 1941, the Nazi army besieged Moscow and Leningrad. The Red Army fought stubbornly, along with the emergence of a powerful weapon – it was Katyusha multiple rocket launcher.

The launch tubes were mounted behind a truck, capable of launching a large number of rockets in a short time. Multiple rocket launchers such as these deliver explosives to a target area more quickly than conventional artillery, but with lower accuracy and requiring a longer time to reload. They were fragile compared to artillery guns, but were inexpensive, easy to produce, and usable on any chassis.

Avro Lancaster was an expansion of the Avro Manchester aircraft, this was a British Second World War heavy bomber. The Builders modified an existing bomber to save time and money. People widened the fuselage, stretched the wingspan, added 2 more engines. Avro Lancaster entered service in 1942, allowing the British to attack Germany.

During World War II, Britain produced more than 7,000 Lancaster aircraft. Nearly half of these were lost in combat. Today there are still 2 Lancasters that are capable of flying.

Germany did not have strong enough surface warships to challenge Allied forces. Therefore, they focused on a submarine strategy to prevent the shipping fleet to support Britain. Only in 1940, U-boats submarines sank up to 2.6 million tons of cargo.


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