The Admiral Chabanenko anti-submarine destroyer is equipped with a powerful fire system with missiles and torpedoes specialized for hunting and destroying enemy submarines.
For most Russians, their navy is the most powerful naval force in the world. On July 28, Russian leader Vladimir Putin announced at a parade honoring the Russian Naval Day that their Navy can fight back any aggressor. To this end, the Russian Navy has continuously built and upgraded its ships over the years. In the hands of the Russian Navy, Udaloy-class destroyers can be mentioned, with features that would scare US and NATO submarine fleets. The Russian Navy has stated that the Udaloy-class anti-submarine destroyers will be upgraded under the modernization until 2022. Among them is the Admiral-class destroyer Admiral Chabanenko of the Russian Navy, which began repairs in 2014.
In the 1970s, the Soviet navy considered that building multi-role combatants with large displacement was too costly. Instead, Moscow decided to build specialized ship models for each mission. The result was the introduction of the Project 956 Sovremenny-class of anti-ship and anti-aircraft guided missile destroyers, and Project 1155 large anti-submarine ship also known as Udaloy-class.
The Udaloy class are generally considered the Soviet equivalent of the American Spruance-class destroyers. Based on the Krivak class, the emphasis on anti-submarine warfare left these ships with limited anti-surface and anti-air capabilities.
Following Udaloy’s commissioning, designers began developing an upgrade package in 1982 to provide more balanced capabilities with a greater emphasis on anti-shipping. The Project 1155-1 Fregat II Class Large anti-submarine warfare Ship or NATO Codename Udaloy II, is roughly the counterpart of the Improved Spruance class. Initially, the Soviet Union planned to build 15 Udaloy-class destroyers but only 12 Udaloy-class destroyers and one Udaloy II-class were built as Admiral Chabanenko.
The Admiral Chabanenko has a very short working time when it was launched in 1994 and officially Commissioned in 1999, deployed with the Northern Fleet. The destroyer was laid down in 1989, during the Soviet period, and was finished by Russia 10 years later, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The ship includes updated weapon systems like the SS-N-22 anti-ship missile and the “Zvezda” M-2 series sonar system. She is named after Admiral Andrei Chabanenko, commander of the Northern Fleet between 1952 and 1962.
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When completed, the vessel has an overall length of 163m, a beam of 19m and a draught of 7.8m. The displacement of the ship is 6,200t. The ship is equipped with a combined gas and gas propulsion system feeding 2 shafts 4 gas turbines, providing total of 120,000 horsepower. Maximum speed in ideal conditions could therefore reach 35 knots with a service range out to 10,500 nautical miles. The standard operation crew of the vessel was listed at around 300 personnel.
Admiral Chabanenko inherited the typical design of the Udaloy class with its unevenly massive superstructure blocks and relatively low profile mast works. Right in front of the deck was a twin-gunned AK-130 130 mm gun.
This Udaloy II-class warship is armed with eight SS-N-22 “Sunburn” anti-ship missiles to replace SS-N-14 missiles in the old Udaloy class. These new missiles have a range of 120 km and are placed in 2 quad launchers on either side of the bridge. The vessel also carries 2 quad launchers for 533mm torpedoes which can hit targets 15 to 20km away. RBU-6000 anti submarine rockets are used for self defense against torpedoes and frogmen while being the last weapon to be fired at a submarine.
The Chabanenko sports a Top Plate 3-D air search radar which is used for tracking aerial targets and designating targets for SA-N-9 surface-to-air missiles. These missiles are carried in 8 Vertical launching system cells, each of which houses 8 missiles. The vessel was supplemented by 4 Ak-630 close-in weapon system.
The stern on the other hand can support 2 helicopters in 2 hangars along with a heli-pad. Helicopters are essential for long range sub-hunting and the primary Soviet sub-hunting helicopter was the Ka-27. It is equipped with sono-buoys and dipping sonar to hunt for subs and medium torpedoes to kill them.
Compared to its predecessors, Chabanenko was equipped with more capable sonars, an integrated air defense fire control system, and a number of digital electronic systems based on state-of-the-art circuitry. The original MGK-355 Polinom integrated sonar system on Udaloy-I ships was replaced by a newly designed Zvezda M-2 sonar system that has a range in excess of 100 kilometres. The Zvezda sonar system is considered by its designers to be the equivalent in terms of overall performance of the AN/SQS-53 on US destroyers.
Thus far the only notable action pertaining to the Admiral Chabanenko was its passing of the Panama Canal during 2008, became the first Russian warship to sail through the Panama Canal since World War II, while participating in joint exercises with the Venezuelan Navy.
In late 2009 she and the Black Sea Fleet’s rescue tug Shakhter deployed off the Horn of Africa, as part of the anti-piracy measures off the Somalian coast. Both vessels then sailed to Norfolk Naval Base to participate in FRUKUS 2011, a series of joint exercises between the Russian, French, British and US navies, held in June 2011.
In December 2013 Admiral Chabanenko docked at the 35th ship repair plant in Murmansk to undergo the overhaul of her engines. The repairs were expanded in August 2017 into a more thorough overhaul and refit of the ship, expected to be completed in December 2019.