The kasatonov frigate will significantly contribute to the strength of the Russian Navy, helping them to control the seas.
The Northern Fleet finally received the Kasatonov frigate after 10 years of construction. The ship was laid down in October 2009. The ship will be officially operational after completing sea trials. The most advanced technology has been applied to the ship, including stealth technology, intelligent electronics and powerful weapons.
The Admiral Kasatonov is a new generation frigate belonging to Project 22350, Admiral Gorshkov-class. The vessel was professed to be the “Master of the Sea” by Russian military leaders, due to the world’s leading advanced features and its powerful weapons system.
The 22350 frigate project is the first large surface warship built in Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union. They will become the most modern and complete surface warships of the Russian Navy in this class.
The ship is named after Vladimir Kasatonov, a hero of the Soviet Union. In July 2003 Russian Naval Command approved the basic design of the frigate. It was developed by Northern Design and Development Bureau in Saint Petersburg. The design is based on the Krivak IV Class frigate developed by Russia for India and incorporates stealth technology.
Unlike her Soviet-era predecessors, the new ship are designed for multiple roles. She is to be capable to execute long-range strikes, conduct anti-submarine warfare and to carry out escort missions.
Basic technical parameter
The total displacement of the frigate is 5400 tons, overall length of 130m, a beam of 16m and a draft of 16m. They have operational ranges of more than 4,000 miles. They can accommodate about 200 crew members.
The frigates are equipped with Combined diesel and gas propulsion systems. The system delivers the high fuel efficiency of diesel engines when cruising, allowing greater range and lower fuel costs than with gas turbines alone. The two cruise gas turbines and two boost gas turbines will be connected through two shafts, provides a maximum speed of 30 knots.
A flight deck and hangar in the rear of the ship allowed a Ka-27 helicopter to be carried. This is a military helicopter developed for the Soviet Navy for ferrying and anti-submarine warfare. The latest modification of the helicopter is equipped with the following systems: acoustic, magnetometric, signals intelligence and radar with active phased array antenna FH-A. Radar mounted under the fuselage provides all round visibility in the search and detection of surface, air and ground targets.
Sensor and Armament
The ship is fitted with 3D air search radars, Puma fire control radars and sonar suites with hull-mounted LF sonar and LF VDS sonar. She is also equipped with Garpun-BAL SSM targeting and SAM control systems.
The main strike armament is the cruise missile complex. There are a total of 16 Vertical launching system cells for Kalibr, Oniks or Zircon missiles.
The Kalibr is a supersonic cruise missile available in land-attack, anti-ship, and anti-submarine variants. The anti-ship variants have a range between 270 and 410 miles, and are designed to skim low over the sea to avoid detection, performing evasive maneuvers instead of making a straight-line approach. Getting close to the target, missiles accelerate from their cruising speed of Mach 0.8 to Mach 3, and descend altitude to just 4.6 meters, making it extremely difficult to shoot down.
The P-800 Oniks is over-the-horizon supersonic anti-ship missile with an approximate maximum range of 600 kilometers. The speed is Mach 2, 5. Guidance system: midcourse inertial guidance, active radar homing-passive radar seeker head.
The Zircon is a scramjet powered maneuvering anti-ship hypersonic cruise missile developed by Russia.
A system of 32 Vertical launching system cells for the Poliment Redut air defense missile system, this system is comparable to the US AEGIS. With four phased array antennas, it is able to track 16 targets simultaneously. It can launch three types of missiles. The 9M100 is the short-range missile, with a range of up to 15km. The 9M96M is the medium-range missile, with a range of 40-50km. Finally, the 9M96 long-range missile is supposed to have a range of up to 150km.
The vessel also be fitted with 8 of 330mm torpedo tubes for anti-submarine torpedoes. In addition, the ship is also equipped with a new 130mm gun mount, 2 Kashtan 30mm close-in weapon system gun and 2 of 14.5mm MTPU pedestal machine guns.
In general, the new Russian ship has very powerful firepower, the Russian Navy’s new approach to force development has contributed to the superiority of Russia’s latest ships over their foreign counterparts.
It can be said that this Russian program is an illustration of a major achievement of Russian shipbuilding industry capable of providing the Navy with cutting edge multi-purpose warships.
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