Udaloy was known as one of the famous anti-submarine destroyers of the Soviet Navy. Currently, Udaloy-class anti-submarine destroyers are still serving in the Northern Fleet, Caspian Fleet, Black Sea Fleet and Pacific Fleet.
Northern Fleet was established in 1933. Over the years of development, the Northern Fleet now has 38 surface warships and 41 submarines. The Northern Fleet is considered the leading force of the Russian Navy today, responsible for protecting the country in the northwest region. The main task of the Northern Fleet is to maintain a strategic nuclear force at sea to deal with the enemy’s nuclear strike capability. Among the warships serving the Northern Fleet, the Admiral Levchenko destroyer of Project 1155 was among the most powerful warships.
Admiral Levchenko (605) is part of a series of 13 anti-submarine guided missile destroyers built for the Soviet Navy during the Cold War. Admiral Levchenko was laid down in 1982 and put into service of the Soviet navy in 1988. The destroyer has been named after Gordey Ivanovich Levchenko, a Soviet naval commander and admiral from 1944. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the ship continued to serve in the Russian navy. Since 1989, the destroyer has been active with the Russian Northern Fleet with the hull number 605. In the near future Udaloy-class destroyers will continue to clearly show the military presence of the Russian Navy and actively participate in ensuring maritime security in the oceans.
According to the initial technical specifications of 1970s, the ship was designed as a further development of the Krivak-class frigate of Project 1135 with the elimination of the shortcomings of its predecessor. Initially, it was planned to have a standard displacement of only 4,000 tons, but after that, the size restrictions were removed, resulting in the standard displacement increased to 6,930 tons. Levchenko’s design bears typical characteristics of the Udaloy class. A destroyer with a full load displacement of 7,570 tons, an overall length of 163m, a beam of 19.3m and a draft of 6.2m.
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The Admiral Levchenko’s hull is made of steel, has an elongated forecastle, a large camber of frames in the bow and a double bottom along its entire length. The internal premises of the hull are separated by refractory bulkheads, non-combustible materials are widely used inside the ship. In the middle and aft parts of the hull of the ship are 3 groups of superstructures, aluminum-magnesium alloys are widely used. In the aft superstructure there are two helicopter hangars.
The ship is equipped with a combined gas and gas propulsion system feeding 2 shafts 4 gas turbines, providing total of 120,000 horsepower. The use of the combined gas and gas propulsion system allows the ship to have a smaller footprint and also better fuel efficiency at cruise speed than other propulsion systems. The ship can reach a maximum speed of 35 knots, the range can reach 10,500 nauticalmiles at 14 knots, the standard crew is 300 sailors.
Admiral Levchenko was based on the Krivak-class anti-submarine vessel, with its unevenly massive superstructure blocks and relatively low profile mast works. Right in front of the deck was two 100mm AK-100 gunships. The AK-100 is a Russian-built 100mm naval cannon, with a maximum rate of fire of 60 rounds per minute, firing a 26.8 kg munition in high explosive fragmentation.
This Udaloy-class battleship is equipped with eight SS-N-14 anti-submarine missiles, which can be used against surface ships as well as anti-submarines. These missiles have an effective range of 5 to 50 km and are located in 2 launchers on either side of the bridge. SA-N-9 surface-to-air missiles are mounted in vertical launch systems to cope with aerial threats. It also carries two quad launchers for 533mm torpedoes which can hit targets 15 to 20km away.
RBU-6000 anti submarine rockets are used for self defense against torpedoes and frogmen while being the last weapon to be fired at a submarine. The vessel was supplemented by 4 Ak-630 close-in weapon system. The stern on the other hand can support 2 helicopters in 2 hangars along with a heli-pad. Helicopters are essential for long range sub-hunting and the primary Soviet sub-hunting helicopter was the Ka-27. It is equipped with sono-buoys and dipping sonar to hunt for subs and medium torpedoes to kill them.
Admiral Levchenko is equipped with MR-760MA Fregat-MA 3-D air search radar and MR-320M Topaz-V surface search radar. In addition, the ship is also equipped with Horse Tail LF VDS sonar and Horse Jaw bow mounted LF sonar. The fire control system includes 2 MR-360 Podkat, 2 3P37 SA-N-11 SAM control, Garpun-BAL SSM targeting. Electronic warfare & decoys includes Bell Squat jammer, Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Crown intercept. This system includes decoy launchers, decoding missiles, control panels and radars. It deceives anti-ship missiles by distributing electronic and optical lures. The ship was fitted with 2 PK-2 decoy RL.
Although built during the Cold War, Admiral Levchenko and his brother Admiral Chabanenko are still the core forces of the Northern Fleet. Over the years, Levchenko has gained a lot of experience with operations against the Syrian rebels as well as training programs of the Russian Navy. For the foreseeable future, the Northern Fleet will continue to be an important tool for Russia’s security and interests in the Arctic.
The Northern Fleet is also increasingly equipped with many modern operational vehicles. For example, the Ilya Muromets icebreaker was used for military needs or the Admiral Gorshkov-class destroyers. The two largest warships, Admiral Kuznetsov and Peter the Great battlecruiser, will be modernized. The nuclear-powered battlecruiser “Admiral Nakhimov” is currently being improved and will soon be completed. All of these factors are turning the Northern Fleet into a “steel punch” for the Russian Navy.