During a series of bomb attacks in Indonesia in January 2016, Anoa armored vehicles were mobilized to protect the people and prevent terrorists.
In Southeast Asia, it can be considered that Indonesia’s defense industry is the strongest when it has successfully produced armored vehicles, transport aircraft, warships, missiles, many types of guns, and so on. And now, after basically self-sufficient part of modern equipment for the military, Indonesia is gradually entering the export market. Among the military equipment Indonesia is introducing to potential customers, notably the Anoa armored vehicles developed by Pindad since 2004. This is a successful example of Indonesia in the field of defense industry.
The development history of the Pindad Anoa was started in 2003 as a result of increased military intervention in the Aceh province. During the conflict, the Indonesian Army put forward urgent requirements for an armored personnel carrier for troop transport.
Pindad responded to this requirement in 2004, with the APR-1V a light 4×4 armored vehicle based on a commercial Isuzu truck chassis. Next is APS-1 and APS-2, however, both types are not put into mass production. Pindad continued to develop APS-3 in 2006 from the development data of APS-2. The 6×6 prototype first undergoing testing and trials on the beginning of 2007 and then officially unveiled to the public during Indo Defence & Aerospace 2008 exhibition on November 19, 2008. Mass production followed shortly after, so far more than 400 have been produced for the Indonesian Army. Some countries showed their interest in purchasing the Anoa, some sources claim that Oman ordered 200 of these APCs. The APS-3 is named after the Anoa, which is a type of buffalo indigenous to Indonesia.
The Anoa differed from its predecessors which had been based on commercial truck platforms. Instead, the vehicle used a monocoque hull design consisting of armored steel that can withstand 5.56 and 7.62 mm bullets.
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This APC has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver, it accommodates up to 10 fully equipped infantrymen. The crew enters the front compartment through two side doors. The driver sits on the right side of the vehicle while the vehicle commander sits on the left. The gunner sits behind commander inside the open turret beside the engine. The engine located in the middle, while the remaining space on the left of the engine are fitted with an open turret for machine gun or automatic grenade launcher. Two additional hatches at the roof of the front compartment provide emergency exits for driver and commander. Two-banks of smoke grenade projectors were placed slightly behind the front side doors on each side.
The crew and mounted infantry both get direct access to the vehicle air-conditioning system. Two inward-facing benches, provide seating for five troops each. Communications equipment include VHF/FM radios, crew intercom system, and GPS transceiver.
There are also tear-shaped firing port on the Anoas; with four port on each side of the troop compartment, two port on rear hydraulic ramp door, and one port on each of the front side doors, all of them located just below the vision blocks with total numbers of twelve firing ports fitted around the vehicle. A video camera was also placed at the rear of the vehicle to help driver while reversing the vehicle.
The baseline Pindad Anoa armored personnel carrier is fitted with a shielded cupola, which mounts a 12.7 mm machine gun or 40 mm automatic grenade launcher. This cupola is capable of 360° rotation. There are two banks of three 66mm smoke grenade dischargers which can be used to smoke screen an offensive move or cover a tactical retreat. A fire-support version was named Badak using a CSE-90 turret with the 90mm main gun and a 7.62mm machine gun was unveiled, these vehicles possess the fire power capable of attacking dense enemy units as well as enemy tanks. At the same time, they are known as combat armored vehicles that can be operated for guerilla search and destroy operations.
This armored personnel carrier with a 6 wheel symmetrical drive system was designed specifically for the needs of the Army weaponry especially cavalry. The vehicle has a maximum weight of 14.5 tons. Despite the weight, it can travel at a maximum speed of 80 km/h and a range of 600km. This is because it is powered by a French Renault MIDR 062045 series inline, 6-cylinder, turbocharged diesel engine delivering 320 horsepower at 2,500 revolutions per minute.
The Anoas were officially placed into Indonesian military service on July 2009. They were publicly seen in service when it was deployed in Lebanon for peacekeeping duties since April 2010. On November 15, 2011 the Anoas were used as fighting vehicles to patrol and guard ring at the ASEAN Summit in Nusa Dua, Bali. ANOA also used by Paspampres to escort the president visits.
Because ANOA good performance and effectively, it continues to be developed into many variants such as logistics, recovery and ambulance. And, no less important, Anoa received international recognition, is evidenced by the interest from Oman, Malaysia, Nepal, and Bangladesh to buy Anoa.