Work began in the late 1970s, the BMP-3 was build as a follow-up to the earlier infantry fighting vehicles BMP-1 and BMP-2.
The BMP-3, an infantry fighting vehicle in service with the Soviet army since 1987 and later Russia, is recognized as one of the best combat vehicles in the world in its class. The designers have successfully combined in one machine with great firepower, mobility and protection. The BMP-3 is suitable for military services with different combat missions. The Russian army today has about 500 vehicles. It also has an active presence in other countries, including Iraq, Venezuela, the United Arab Emirates, and others.
Work began in the late 1970s as a follow-up to the earlier infantry fighting vehicles BMP-1 and BMP-2. One of the goals was to overcome some of the shortcomings of BMP-1 and BMP-2. The vehicle has a weight of about 18.7 tons, a length of 7.14 m, a width of 3.2 m, and a height of 2.4 m. The crew of 3 includes: commander, gunner, and driver, plus 7 fully armed soldiers in the passenger compartment.
Like its predecessors BMP-1 and BMP-2 before it, the BMP-3 retains full amphibious qualities consistent with Soviet armored warfare doctrine. Its appearance is quite similar to a light tank, with a low profile thanks to its short hull superstructure and stout turret assembly. The sides of the hull are vertical but short which makes direct flank attacks against the vehicle by anti-tank weaponry somewhat difficult.
The BMP-3’s maneuverability is aided by a UTD-29M diesel engine, with 500 hp. The vehicle can reach a maximum speed of 72 km / h, a range of 600 km. The BMP-3 could traverse deep bodies of water, propelled by two water jets fitted to the lower rear hull. It can swim at a speed of 10 km/h.
Regarding weapons, the BMP-3 is armed with a 100 mm gun, capable of firing 9M117 Bastion laser-guided anti-armor missiles, as well as ordinary HE-FRAG projectiles. The 9M117 missile has a maximum range of 4 km. It penetrates 650-750 mm behind ERA, providing this IFV a considerable anti-armor capability. HE-FRAG rounds have a maximum range of up to 7 km. Vehicle is completed with an semi-automatic loader and has a maximum rate of 10 rounds per minute. A total of 40 rounds are carried.