The Boikiy corvette was developed by the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau between the late 1990s and the 2000s.

Introduce

According to Russian media, in December 2019, with the aim of responding promptly to emergencies in the Baltic Sea, Boiky corvette and Aleksin small anti-submarine warfare ship of the Russian Baltic Fleet conducted a torpedo drill to test weapons. Under the drills’ scenario, the corvette Boiky was attacked by a torpedo fired from the small anti-submarine warfare ship Aleksin.

The Boiky’s crew employed the latest universal torpedo, launching it from the ship’s Paket system, the press office said in a statement. Immediately after Paket was launched, the Aleksin’s torpedo was destroyed with extreme precision. During the rehearsal, both warships fired four torpedoes at each other, the torpedoes played the attack role carrying no warhead.

The technology of the Russian Paket system proves effective in modern warfare. The widespread use of the Paket system will increase the viability of Russian warships and also create a major problem for potential rivals.

Boikiy is the third corvette of Project 20380 for the Russian Baltic Fleet, which entered service in May 2013. The ship is part of the modernization of the Russian Navy.

Boikiy 532
Boikiy 532

Project 20380 warships are designed to destroy surface warships, submarines and anti-aircraft. The most advanced stealth technology has been applied, allowing her to hide in front of enemy radar.

The Boikiy corvette was developed by the Almaz Central Marine Design Bureau between the late 1990s and the 2000s. Prior to that, the Almaz Design Bureau only specialized in developing small-missile ships, amphibious ships and a number of Other types of ships.

The vessel is a multi-purpose corvette, which can be operated either on a single voyage or combined in a fleet. The ship can cover the fleet from enemy submarine attacks, engage skirmishes, and, if necessary, protect and blockade the coast.

Design

The characteristic feature of the project 20380 corvette is its ability to minimize radar signatures, reduce noise and optical awareness to the fullest extent thanks to stealth construction.

Boikiy has a length of 104.5m, a beam of 11.1m, a draft of 3.7m with a displacement of 2,200 tons. The ship has a steel hull and a superstructure made of composite material, with a bulbous bow and nine watertight subdivisions. She has a bridge and a combined command center, hull architecture and fire-resistant radar-absorbent fiberglass applied in the design.

Another feature of this ship is that she has a low stern, a gentle bridge that leads straight to the helicopter deck and hangar. Thanks to the optimal design, she was able to carry the Ka-27PL helicopter.

In order to save space on the ship, the designers abandoned a linear arrangement with a combination of offensive weapons that placed them horizontally-cross. Such a layout has proved reasonable on similar warships of the US, South Korea, China and Japan.

Powerplant

Boikiy’s propulsion system is a combined diesel and diesel arrangement driving 2 shaft, consisting of four 16D49 diesel engines that provide a total of 24,000 horsepower, while generating 2,520 kiloWatt of electricity for onboard operations.

The ship can reach a maximum speed of 27 knots, a range of 4,000 nauticalmiles at a speed of 14 knots.

The corvette’s crew, consisting of more than 100 men, officers and non-commissioned officers are allowed to stay in the cabin, while the sailors and soldiers are in the same room.

Armament

Today, in naval battles, the most important factors are not the size or the speed, but the professional level of the crew, the self-defense system, and of course the firepower. The Russian escort ship is very well equipped, capable of self-defense and counter attack.

Boikiy’s basic offensive weapons are two large launchers with a combination of Uran missiles, each platform carries four all-weather Kh-35 anti-ship missiles. Such a missile is capable of sinking surface ships with displacement of up to 5,000 tons. The function of the Uran subsonic missile is not inferior to the famous Kalibr cruise missile in terms of operational range.

The main close range weapon of the Boikiy is the 100mm A-190 cannon at the bow of the ship. The cannon can fire at a rate of 80 rounds per minute, effective range is 20km.

The corvette is also equipped with two AK-630M close-in weapon system, installed closer to the stern. These guns fired 5,000 rounds per minute for a maximum range of 5,000m, they could deal with both surface ships and air targets at close range.

In addition, the ship is also equipped with two quadruple torpedo tubes for Paket-NK antitorpedo missile, today, it embodies the technological revolution. To counter enemy torpedoes, Russia uses controlled jet torpedoes. The Paket-NK complex reduces nearly tripled the risk of a corvette being hit by enemy torpedoes.

Also for the attack of enemy submarines and surface ships, there is Malyshka torpedoes, which can accelerate to 50 knots, destroying targets at distances of up to 20 km.

Operations

Since her commissioning in 2013, Boikiy has been actively involved in the activities of the Baltic fleet. In April 2017, Boikiy and his sister Soobrazitelnyy were escorted by HMS Sutherland through the English Channel.

Most recently, in June 2019, Boikiy was deployed with Stoiky and small missile ships to oversee NATO’s BALTOPS drills in the Baltic sea.

The BALTOPS 2019 took place with the participation of 40 warships and submarines, 60 aircraft from 18 NATO member countries. NATO has recently expanded its presence to the east with drills and mobilized its military forces close to the Russian border. Russia has repeatedly criticized the strengthening of NATO’s presence in the Baltic Sea region, saying that this could threaten the stability of the region and warn that it would respond accordingly.

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