Developed in the mid-1980s, the BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle has proven its effectiveness and power in combat.
On the chassis of this machine several variants were created for different purposes, of which the BRM-3K “Rys” was developed for reconnaissance units. The project was started in the early 1990s and was officially accepted into service with the Russian Army in 1995, although the number produced is unknown.
The BRM-3K “Lynx” has a number of changes compared to its predecessor to create a basic combat vehicle with new electronics and weapons. All of these changes are related to the tactical role of the vehicle. BRM-3K was designed to monitor the terrain and detect various targets at any time of the day, determine the coordinates of targets, transfer information about detected objects, as well as self-attack technology or enemy manpower.
BRM-3K retained the main units of the base BMP-3, because of which the dimensions and weight of the machine almost did not change. The combat vehicle with 19,6 tonnage has a total length of 7.02 meters, width 3.28 m and height 2.57 m. A steel hull protects crew against armor-piercing bullets, small-bore projectiles and artillery splinters. Fire-prevention and NBC systems are fitted as standard.
The BRM-3K is armed with a stabilized 30 mm cannon and coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun. Provision is made for an ATGW launcher and four missiles. The ATGW system can be dismounted and fired remotely from the vehicle. At the military exhibition ARMY 2016, Russia introduced a new version with a 57mm cannon, replacing the previous 30mm cannon. There are four smoke grenade launchers, intended to counter threats from laser-guided missiles.
Battlefield surveillance equipment includes the mast-mounted-1RL-133-1 radar. The BRM-3K radar can detect vehicles at a distance of up to 8-10 km, and people up to 4 km away, however actual ranges depend on terrain. When active, this radar is elevated to a height of 1 m and can be traversed 120° either side regardless of the turret position. It is retracted into the vehicle when not in use. A portable reconnaissance equipment can be fitted to enable a remote connection with the vehicle up to 6 km away.
The BRM-3K is also fitted with the navigation device to enable it to determine its own position of the battlefield. Information would normally be collected and then transmitted to the next chain of command. Communication aids ensure data and radio links at a maximum range of 350 km.
The BRM-3 has a crew of six. It consists of the vehicle commander, gunner, driver, navigator/computer operator, wireless operator and reconnaissance group commander. Vehicle is powered by an UTD-29 diesel engine, developing 500 horsepower. A small generator is mounted at the rear of the BRM-3K. It allows the electronic equipment to operate when the main engine is shut down. Vehicle is fully amphibious. On water the BRM-3K is propelled by two waterjets.