Russia’s S-500 air defense system, which is believed to not only combat aircraft, missiles and space weapons, but also satellites in low earth orbit

As reported by Izvestia, Russia has tested a completely new missile with the S-500 system. According to Sergei Chemezov, head of Russian defense manufacturer Rostec, the first prototypes of the system will be put into service this year while mass deliveries are expected to take place in 2025.

The S-500 has been dubbed the Space Defense System (SDS) for its ability to destroy targets in low-orbit space, in addition to hypersonic missiles, medium-range ballistic missiles and ICBMs. It was developed by the Almaz-Antey consortium, which also manufactures the S-400 and S-300 systems.

The Prometheus S-500 is expected to have an extended range of up to 600 km (200 km improvement over the S-400). The radar’s range is also higher than the S-400, and the system will have the potential to destroy hypersonic and ballistic missile targets at an altitude of more than 18,500 meters.

In previous tests, the S-500 system was said to have hit the target missile from a range of 480 km, which is the longest-range strike of any air defense system. According to unofficial information, the S-500 will have a response time of about 3-4 seconds, less than half of the 9-10 seconds of the S-400.

The main missiles with the S-500 are the 40N6, a 9.1m long, solid-fuel missile, capable of reaching Mach 9, has a fragmentation warhead. The S-500 will have two new types of missiles: 77N6-N and 77N6-N1. These are missiles developed to engage incoming ballistic missiles and warheads at very high altitude in near space. The 77N6 has a maximum range of 600 kilometers and can reach an altitude of 200 kilometers.

The S-500 is expected to use the 91N6A(M) combat management radar and 96L6-TsP target acquisition radar. Other components will be the launch vehicles and the command vehicle.


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