Compared to the conflict seven years ago, Hamas has changed its offensive tactics, making it an inescapable threat to Israel
Hamas attacks from the Gaza Strip against Israel in 2014 had little effect. The Hamas rockets at that time were improved, but most of them were shot down, rockets that broke through Israeli defenses were rare. The point that Hamas marked in the conflict was its ability to resist fiercely when confronted with the Israeli ground offensive campaign using tanks and armored vehicles.
In this latest clash, Hamas has changed its tactics. Even at the initial stage of firing, Hamas seemed to have demonstrated its strength and determination. To create ultimate pressure on Israel, Hamas launched rockets in extremely large numbers to suppress the enemy’s Iron Dome system, which is said to have an 85% successful interception capacity. In terms of intensity, Hamas’ attacks in the past few days are 4-5 times more than in 2014.
Hamas’s attack caused Israeli casualties. This makes many people question: Has Hamas discovered a weakness of the Iron Dome that cannot be effectively intercepted when attacked by a large number of missiles and rockets. It seems that the scale of this offensive operation surprised the Israeli military and intelligence leaders. During the 2014 conflict, in 50 days of fighting, Hamas fired about 4,000 rockets towards Israel, but in the past few days this number has increased to 1,500.
A complete Iron Dome battery is usually arranged 3-4 launchers, each of which is equipped with about 20 Tamir interceptors. This system is designed to take on the task of intercepting rockets, artillery shells, mortar shells, cruise missiles, and small unmanned aerial vehicles.
It is not clear how many Iron Dome batteries Israel has put into use, but according to the plan that the army revealed in 2014, about 15 batteries will be put into service. Thus, it is estimated that the total number of Tamir missiles in a state of readiness to intercept is 1,200, but distributed widely, it is difficult to simultaneously intercept an overwhelming rocket attack from one direction. In other words, there may be only one or a few batteries that are always ready to intercept in one direction.
Moreover, from the point of view of combat training, the Israeli army in many cases chooses to launch two Tamir missiles to destroy a single target, in order to increase the success rate of Iron Dome’s interception. This tactic is suitable for dealing with single ambushes with a small number of rockets. But with a “Rocket Rain”, Israel’s Iron Dome could fall into overdrive.