The Greek Hydra class was designed in Germany in the late 1980s based on the design of the Meko 200 frigate, named after a many-headed serpent in Greek mythology.

The first ship was built in Germany while the remaining were built at the Hellenic Shipyards at Scaramanga. A total of four frigates were built: F-452 Hydra, F-453 Spetsai, F-454 Psara and F-455 Salamis.

Hydra-class frigate – Contributed To Creating A New Face Of The Hellenic Navy

The first ship was delivered to the Hellenic Navy in 1992 but it was not officially operational until 1993 due to suffered a serious fire and had to repair. The remaining ships were delayed due to financial problems, and it was not until 1998 that the last ship was completed.

F-452 Hydra

When completed, the ships had a full load displacement of 4,000 tons, a length of 117.5 meters, a beam of 14.8 meters and a draft of 6 meters.

F-453 Spetsai

The Hydra class was more focused on anti-submarine warfare capabilities with a DE1160 Variable Depth sonar and support for one S-70B6 Aegean Hawk anti-submarine warfare helicopter, the Greek version of Seahawk using the AGM-119Mk2 Penguin Anti-ship missiles, the missile uses semi-active homing to a range of 15km.

F-454 Psara

The Hydra’s armament include the Mk 48 Mod 2 vertical launcher system for 16 RIM-162 Evolved SeaSparrow Surface to Air missiles. These missiles are installed aft of the two funnels.

Mk-48 Vertical Launching System VLS RIM-7 RIM-162

For anti-ship warfare, the Hydra is equipped with two Mk-141 Guided Missile Launching System for RGM-84 Harpoon missiles.

To deal with the submarines, Hydra was installed two triple mk32 mod 5 324mm tubes for Mk46 torpedoes.

mk32 mod 5 324mm tubes for Mk46 torpedoes

The main gun on board was one Mk-45 127mm gun capable of hitting both air and surface targets. To deal with close-range threats, the frigates are equipped with two 20mm Phalanx close-in weapon systems.

127mm main gun & 20mm Phalanx close-in weapon system

The vessels have a maximum speed of 31 knots, the maximum range is 4100 nauticalmiles with a speed of 18 knots.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here