The Kamorta-class corvettes, a class of anti-submarine warfare corvettes currently in service with the Indian Navy and INS Kamorta P28 is the lead ship.
INS Kamorta P28 is the first of four anti-submarine Kamorta-class stealth corvettes which has been built for the Indian Navy. It has a maximum displacement of 3,500 tons; a length 109 meters; and the beam is 12.8 meters.
First of all, objectively, the P-28 Kamorta is a relatively modern stealth corvette, equipped with powerful weapons, morden submarine hunting equipment and air defense weapons.
Maximum speed of 32 knots (57 km / h); range of 3,500 nautical miles; The crew consisted of 13 officers and 173 sailors.
However, Indian weapons also have problems. Indian-developed weapons often have few breakthroughs, replicating the designs of Russian or Western weapons. The time from research to mass production was too slow, weapons are often outdated. Some examples include Ajun main battle tanks, Akash air defense missiles or Tejas light fighters.
The P-28 Kamorta submarine hunting corvette project was no exception, the Indian Navy ordered from 2003, keel laid down in November and launched in April 2010. However, it was not until August 2014 that it was officially put into service after 9 years from the beginning.
INS Kamorta P28 was named after Kamorta island in Andaman and Nicobar, India. The platform and major internal systems of this class of corvettes are indigenously designed and built. It is a significant step towards India’s pursuit for self-reliance in indigenous warship building, bringing closer home Indian Navy’s quest to be a true Blue-Water Navy with ships and submarines designed and built within the country.
According to the Indian Navy, 90% of every part of the warship was built domestically, which is a matter of great pride for India. The ship was built using DMR 249A indigenously developed special grade high-tensile steel and carbon fiber reinforced plastic materials. Its enhanced stealth features make it less likely to detect. It also has enhanced X-style hull form and full beam superstructure. This makes the warship to have low radar cross section. The ship also uses Infra Red Signature Suppression which gives it very low under water voice signature. It has superb sea keeping and manoeuvrability features while also ensuring lower noise and vibration levels. The hull of the ship encompassed the bulk of sensors and weapon systems that were also indigenously manufactured by various Indian industries.
The ship is equipped with 76.2mm cannon on the bow, 2 AK-630M close-in weapon systems; 2 RBU-6000 anti-submarine rocket launchers; 4 x 533mm torpedo tubes. Not only that, the ship also possesses a hangar and a stern helicopter deck to help the Sea King Mk.42B helicopter operate flexibly when the ship is on combat duty.
In addition, the ship has installed with a 16-cell vertical launching system for firing Barak surface-to-air missiles. Barak is an Israeli surface-to-air missile designed to be used as a ship-borne point-defense missile system against aircraft, anti-ship missiles, and UAVs.
The sensors of this warship include the advanced bow mounted sonar and the indigenous 3D-CAR air-surveillance radar Revathi with capability to detect targets exceeding 200 km. It is also the first warship to be equipped with the Kavach decoy system for protection against anti-ship missiles.
According to military experts, the P-28 Kamorta is a modern anti-submarine stealth corvette. Despite the large displacement at over 3000 tons, the vessel is argued to be a small frigate rather than a corvette, but this is not a multitasking warship. She only focuses on the anti-submarine warfare and air defense ability, while anti-ship warfare is zero because it is not equipped with anti-ship missiles.
The price of this class is quite high, Kamorta’s estimated unit price is nearly 28 billion Indian rupees equivalent to 405 million US dollars, much more expensive than the Russian Gepard-class frigate, if exported, the price will surely be higher.
In addition, the reliability and functionality of Indian-developed weapons have not been verified in practice, so the export capability of this warships class is still quite difficult. However, No doubt, INS Kamorta is a significant step towards India’s quest for self-reliance in indigenous warship building.