Saar 6 is built on the basis of the German Braunschweig class corvette, with a relatively good stealth design

Israel’s Saar-6 corvette’s full load displacement is more than 2,000 tons, enough for the Israeli Navy to install its wide range of weapons and advanced electronics. These corvettes will be primarily responsible for protecting the Israeli rig off the Mediterranean Sea from missile attacks, so anti-missile capability is central to the design of this warship class.

The Saar 6’s bridge integrates IAI’s EL/M-2248 MF-STAR four-sided active phased array radar, which can scan 360° in all directions; can simultaneously detect, identify and locate hundreds of incoming targets. The range of the radar for high altitude fighter size aircraft is more than 300 km and with sea skimming missiles is 25 km. In addition, it also has the ability to search for surface targets with high accuracy, operating on the X band.

Israel's Saar-6
Israel’s Saar-6

In terms of weapons, the ship is equipped with two types of surface-to-air missiles, including Barak 8 medium-range surface-to-air missiles mounted in a vertical launch system at the bow, which can intercept air targets within 100 km. The second is a naval version of the Iron Dome missile defense system, installed in a vertical launch system, on either side of the middle compartment, able to intercept and destroy low-flying targets, including aircraft, anti-ship missiles, and rockets.

Not only possessing the ability to fight air defense, her anti-ship combat ability is also highly appreciated. Saar 6 is equipped with 4 anti-ship missile launchers, each including 4 Gabriel sea skimming anti-ship missiles. Gabriel is equipped with an advanced active radar seeker and two-way data link. The missile can be used in a busy coastal environment with a range of up to 400 km, giving it a clear advantage over similar missiles from Israel’s neighbors.

Other weapons of the Sa’ar 6 include a 76mm naval gun, two remote-controlled Typhoon 25mm cannons; 2 x 324mm torpedo tubes capable of launching Mk 54 light anti-submarine torpedoes.

Regarding the electronic warfare system, the ship has an electronic countermeasure system and an active decoy kit C-Gem, which can hover in the air after launching and emit a false target signal to jam enemy anti-ship missiles. Helipad at the stern to support a Seahawk anti-submarine helicopter.

Looking at the design of this class of corvettes, it can be seen that it is equipped with too many weapons compared to the capacity of a 2,000-ton warship. Not only the active phased array radar, but also 72 anti-aircraft missiles and 20 anti-ship missiles, main gun, auxiliary weapons, torpedoes, jamming ammunition and even helicopters. Her firepower even surpassed other countries’ 4,000-5,000 ton frigates, roughly equivalent to guided missile destroyers.

Thanks to the very small size, the stealth performance is better. Saar 6 has stronger stealth than Saar 5 class. The hull design is simple and impressive, the missile systems are hidden inside the hull, which enhances her stealth. Saar 6 not only undertakes anti-missile duties, protects the safety of Israel’s oil and gas fields, but also undertakes coastal patrol, anti-terrorism and anti-smuggling missions.

The Saar 6 corvette will also be connected to Israel’s land-based domestic air defense network and become part of Israel’s maritime air defense system. In recent years, the situation in the Middle East is constantly changing, which also places higher demands on the sea combat capabilities of the Saar 6 class.

The propulsion system of the Saar 6 class includes two MTU 20V 1163 TB 93 diesel engines with a capacity of 9,920 horsepower, giving the ship a maximum speed of 35 knots, a range of more than 4,000 km. However, because its weapons take up too much space, it is not capable of continuous combat and can only operate at sea continuously for 10 days.

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