Project 22800 was first publicly presented by Almaz during the International Military-Technical Forum «ARMY-2015», held in Kubinka.
Karakurt-class, designation Project 22800, a class of corvettes with only a displacement of about 800 tons, smaller than the Buyan-M class missile corvettes, but Karakurt is still equipped with extremely powerful firepower and capable of reaching offshore waters to perform a variety of missions. In addition, the Karakurt class has a lower cost than previous corvettes and cruisers. The time to build a Karakurt is only one year which means that in just a few years the Russian Navy can own a powerful fleet.
Project 22800 was first publicly presented by Almaz during the International Military-Technical Forum «ARMY-2015», held in Kubinka. The ship is 67 m long, the beam is 11 m, and the draft is 3.3 m.
Due to the displacement of only 800 tons and the modest duration of continuous operation at sea, the Karakurt-class missile corvettes mainly perform tasks such as: patrolling coastal areas; escorting warships during the performance of offensive missions in complex combat conditions; perform lightning attacks on the opponent’s primary defense; participate in fleet air defense operations.
Project 22800 derives from Project 12300 Skorpion, a proposed 1990s Almaz design for a 500-ton displacement missile boat, and was also heavily influenced by Project 21631, the Buyan-M corvettes. Ships of the class have a stealth shaped superstructure with an integrated mast carrying four phased array radar panels.
The primary armament consists of Kalibr cruise missiles or P-800 Oniks supersonic anti-ship missiles carried in eight UKSK VLS cells in the rear part of the superstructure, behind the bridge. The corvettes built for the Russian Navy will be equipped with a 76.2 mm AK-176MA automatic dual-purpose gun, a modernized version of the AK-176. However, at least on the first ship, the 100 mm A-190 was installed. A proposed export version may carry the Italian OTO Melara 76 mm gun.
For anti-missile defense, the first two ships will only carry a pair of AK-630M gun-based CIWS. Starting from the third ship, they will be equipped with Pantsir-M, a navalized version of the Pantsir surface-to-air missile system. The third vessel of the class, Odintsovo, entered service in the Baltic Fleet with the Pantsir-M system in November 2020. The project 22800 is not designed for anti-submarine warfare.
The Propulsion is provided by a Combined diesel and diesel system, consisting of 3 M507D-1 diesel engines, developing 8,000 hp each. Also there are 3 diesel generators. The ship has a top speed of 30 knots, a range of 2,500 nmi, an endurance of 15 days, and a crew of about 50-70 sailors.
With as many as eighteen such corvettes slated for construction throughout the mid-2020s, the Karakurt-class ships will be widely circulated throughout the Russian Navy’s Baltic, Black Sea, and Pacific Fleets.