In the age of the Mig-15, America’s state-of-the-art Lockheed P-80 jet fighters and Britain’s Gloster Meteor F3 were good prey for the MiG-15.
After the war ended, realizing the great advantage of jet aircraft, the United States and the Soviet Union rushed to get all the technical documents and components of the Me-262 and combined with their technology, to quickly Developed their own jet. The air forces gradually entered the jet age.
The Soviet Union initially relied on German Junker Jumo 004 and BMW 003 engines to create its own RD-10A/20 turbojet engine. However, the products had very poor reliability after mass production.
The first series of Yak-15 and Yak-17 jet fighters, due to their weak engines, were inferior to those of the propeller aircraft used at the end of World War 1. The later MiG-9 also failed to satisfy leaders and military commanders due to engine problems.
The aerospace engineer Yakovlev also suggested to Stalin: “The British Roll-Royce company has a very good Nene engine. It is fine if we spend money to buy it ”. After hearing that, Stalin was enraged: “Would any idiot go to do that stupid thing? Only fools sell us their top-secret technology! ”.
However, it was true that the world has real idiots! In the summer of 1944, to entice the ally, the British presented the Soviets with the remains of a fairly intact Nazi V-1 flying bomb they had obtained. This gift gave the Soviet Union a breakthrough in missile technology.
When the Soviet Union offered to buy British jet engines, the government of Prime Minister Clement Richard Attlee had just won the 1945 general election, happily responded immediately, because The British were in desperate need of money for post-war reconstruction and wanted to improve relations with the Soviet Union.
The British side agreed to sell the engine but did not sell the blueprints and the production license, although at that time there was a fierce opposition. In May 1946, the Soviet trade representative in London negotiated with the Roll-Royce Company on the purchase of jet engines and production license.
The Soviet Union immediately spent money to buy 10 Derwent and 10 Nene engines. Then, because of the money, the British sold 2 more lots, including 55 valuable Nene engines. Mikoyan Design Bureau, after receiving RD-45 engines, built the MiG-15 holy fighter, making the Soviet Air Force’s pride at that time.
With a team of powerful scientific and technical staff, along with a strong industrial foundation, only a few moments later a series of engines copied from “Nene-RD-45” was born. The state-of-the-art MiG-15 fighters with superior features, fitted with this engine were mass produced in 1948. This was considered a fatal mistake by the British.