Leopard 2A7 MBT is the most modern and deeply improved version of the Leopard 2 series based on the Leopard 2A6 tank.

Leopard 2A7 MBT is based on the Leopard 2A6 tank, officially entered service by the German army since 2014. It is said to be the most powerful tank in the world today and the best in NATO. According to reviews, it even completely outperforms the American M1 Abrams or the French AMX-56 Leclerc.

The Leopard 2A7 is intended for urban warfare, low intensity conflicts, as well as conventional military operations. German Army plans to upgrade about 50-150 Leopard 2 tanks to the 2A7 standard. German Army ordered a first batch of 20 MBTs upgraded from existing German Army Leopard 2A6 tanks. This tank also received orders from export customers. In 2011 Germany agreed to sell more than 200 of these main battle tanks to Saudi Arabia. In 2013, Qatar ordered 62 of these MBTs. These are known as Leopard 2A7Q.

The Leopard 2A7 is a modular upgrade package, so other Leopard 2 tanks can be upgraded to this standard. Combat systems can be optimized depending on customer requirements. Leopard 2A7 inherits the best quintessence of Western tank manufacturing, and at the same time develops and greatly enhances the inherent capabilities of the family.

Leopard 2A7 MBT
Leopard 2A7 MBT

Regarding the main weapon, Leopard 2A7 retains the Rheinmetall 120mm el 55 smoothbore main gun. It has better fire accuracy and longer range, comparing with the previous Leopard 2 tanks. The gun is loaded manually and is compatible with all standard NATO ammunition, as well as newly developed DM11 programmable HE rounds. A total of 42 rounds are carried inside the tank. 15 rounds are stored in the turret bustle and are ready to use. Secondary armament consists of a 12.7 mm machine gun. It is mounted in remotely controlled weapon station on top of the roof. There is also a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun.

In particular, the protection of Leopard 2A7 is noticeably enhanced, with improved armor that allows to resist attacks from anti-tank guns. The vehicle uses a new generation of passive armor and additional undercarriage armor, making the vehicle safer from explosions from anti-tank mines or improvised explosive devices. The Moldun-designed chassis allows for quick customization and replacement, making it possible for any variant of the Leopard 2 series to be upgraded to a Leopard 2A7.

This main battle tank has a front and rear thermal image system for the driver. Commander and gunner have additional cameras for long-range surveillance. Vehicle also carries advanced command and control equipment and is fitted with battlefield management system.   The Leopard 2A7 is operated by a crew of four, including commander, gunner, loader and driver.

Leopard 2A7 weighs quite heavy, up to nearly 70 tons, much more than Russian tanks of the same type like T-90A, just over 45 tons, but in return it is installed with a quite powerful engine. The tank uses a 12-cylinder MB873Ka-501 engine with a maximum capacity of up to 1,500 horsepower, helping Leopard 2A7 still be able to reach a maximum speed of 72km/h, acceleration is also extremely great. Cross-country performance is similar to that of the 2A5 and 2A6 tanks. This main battle tank can be fitted with a front-mounted dozer blade for self-entrenching and clearing obstacles.

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