With the Leopard 2A7HU MBTs now delivered to Hungary, the country will have armored combat capabilities comparable to those of Germany and Denmark.

According to the plan, 44 Leopard 2A7HUs will join the heavy brigade of the Hungarian Defense Forces, marking an important milestone in the country’s defense strategy. On 5 December the first Leopard 2A7HU landed in Hungary. The scheduled completion of the entire fleet delivery by 2025 solidifies Hungary’s commitment to transitioning from Soviet-era equipment to cutting-edge technology.

Hungary currently operates a fleet of Soviet-era main battle tanks, approximately 164 T-72M1s. In December 2018, an agreement was signed with Germany’s KNDS for 44 Leopard 2A7+ and 12 second hand Leopard 2A4s. All twelve A4s arrived as of December 2020. And now the Leopard 2A7HUs, to complete the fleet conversion. Functioning as a battalion-sized entity within NATO’s structure, the 44 Leopard 2A7HUs assume a pivotal role, particularly in light of recent global conflict experiences.

2A7HU is the newest member of the prestigious Leopard family. According to various industry reports, these weapons are built with reinforced bottom, front and roof armor, and are resistant to improvised explosive devices and anti-tank mines. The vehicle is equipped with protection against incendiary liquids – Molotov cocktails, napalm – and an improved automatic fire extinguishing system.

The tank’s armor, featuring composite perpendicular flat plates and inclined frontal armor, furnishes substantial protection against contemporary anti-tank threats. Additionally, a modular 360-degree supplemental armor enhances urban combat survivability, amplifying defense against anti-tank weaponry in populated environments.

In addition to its 1,500 horse-power turbo-diesel engine – capable of propelling the 65-ton tank at speeds of up to 70 km/h – the vehicle has a 24 KW auxiliary power unit, supplying the on-board systems in a stationary, standby position and the air conditioning with electricity for increased efficiency. Its amphibious capabilities enable traversing water depths of up to 1.2 meters without preparation, extending to 2.25 meters in fording situations and 4 meters underwater with due preparation.

The Leopard 2A7HU provides the commander with state-of-the-art diagnostic equipment, and the gunner’s sighting system also includes a third-generation Attica thermal imaging camera. In terms of armament, the 120 millimeter anti-tank gun is the most powerful, latest version in its class, mated to a standard NATO caliber machine gun. The gun is capable of delivering programmed projectiles. On the turret roof is a RCWS, effective against small aerial targets, drones and “softer” ground targets, that will probably be fitted with the 12.7 mm heavy machine gun already in service on other combat vehicles in the armed forces.

44 Leopard 2A7HUs are expected to be assigned to the 1st Armored Brigade of the Hungarian Armed Forces in Tata, which will be complemented by Leguan bridge launchers and armored recovery vehicles, constituting an integral part of Hungary’s defense strategy.  This acquisition underscores Hungary’s commitment to NATO while fortifying its national security infrastructure.


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