The enhanced protection level of each Leopard 2SG is to guarantee its survival against multiple explosive threats

Without a doubt, the Leopard 2 is one of the most popular main battle tanks in the world. In Southeast Asia, it is being operated by Indonesia and Singapore, Leopard 2RI and Leopard 2SG respectively. They’re basically an upgraded Leopard 2A4.

The Leopard 2A4 is a formidable tank from the 1980s. It is able to withstand threats of similar age to the frontal arc. Singapore’s Leopard 2SG boasts some of the most advanced module composite armor upgrades around, the Advanced Modular Armor Protection (AMAP) system. This likely brings its protection rating much further forward to the 21st century. It is likely able to handle modern threats from the front.

Leopard 2SG
Leopard 2SG

The Singapore Army acquired 96 ex-German Leopard 2A4s, including 30 spare tanks. A number were upgraded with additional AMAP composite armour in 2010 by IBD Deisenroth and ST Kinetics and renamed Leopard 2SG in October 2010. By 2019, it was reported that Singapore had taken delivery of 158 Leopard 2A4s and 45 Leopard 2A7s.

The entire hull is covered in a layer of applique armor, with thick side skirts and cage or slat sections protecting the flanks, and the turret’s frontal arc encased in removable composite panels. The armament of the Leopard 2SG remains the same–a 120mm smoothbore main gun paired with a coaxial machine gun–although a secondary machine gun on the turret roof is absent.

The enhanced protection level of each Leopard 2SG is to guarantee its survival against multiple explosive threats, especially high velocity projectiles at close ranges such as the ubiquitous rocket grenades of an RPG-7. The Leopard 2SG’s protection level and ability to function day and night gives Singapore’s ground forces a superb fire support vehicle in any conflict scenario where the full brunt of their mechanized fleet is required. Although Indonesia and Singapore both operate Leopard 2 battle tanks, Singapore’s variant is considered more advanced. In 2010 the German manufacturer Rheinmetall unveiled its “MBT Revolution” upgrade for the Leopard 2A4 that was later rebranded as the “Advanced Technology Demonstrator” or ATD. Externally, the ATD and the Leopard 2SG resembled each other but the ATD had additional features such as the ROSY smoke grenade launcher, an active detection and protection system, and a remote weapon station mounting a 40mm grenade launcher.

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