Patria AMV is one of the best multi-role armored vehicles available today. Multi-role armored vehicles are the trend of the country’s military. With the characteristics of very high mobility, powerful firepower, capable of transporting troops when needed, multi-role armored vehicles are increasingly proving their position on the battlefield.
Multi-role military vehicles are the development direction of countries. With very high maneuverability, powerful firepower, and ability to transport troops when needed, multi-purpose armored vehicles are increasingly proving their place on the battlefield. And Patria AMV is among the best “battlefield taxis” today. Two these Finnish armored vehicles were hit by rebels’s RPG-7 rockets in Afghanistan but still survived returning to the base.
The Patria AMV is an 8×8 multi-role military vehicle produced by the Finnish defence industry company Patria. The main goal was to design a platform with better protection, greater mobility, payload and internal volume, than current XA-203 6×6 Armored Personnel Carriers.
Patria AMV has been on the serial production since 2004. The first prototype was manufactured in 2001. The main feature of the AMV is its modular design, which allows the incorporation of different turrets, weapons, sensors, or communications systems on the same carriage. Designs exist for different APC vehicles and IFV versions, communications versions, ambulances and different fire support versions, armed with large caliber mortar and gun systems.
Basically, the AMV product family uses the same hull platform fitted with the turrets and mission systems for each of the variants. The vehicle is fitted with modular ballistic protection to the customer specification up to a protection level against 30mm armour piercing rounds. Armor composes of interchangeable modules of various thickness and can be tailored to suit mission requirements. The vehicle weighs between 14t and 24t according to the armour and weapons systems, ammunition and crew. Vehicle also has a top-class mine protection, it can withstand up to 10 kg TNT blast. NBC protection and fire suppression systems are fitted as standard.
The overall design of the vehicle is divided in three main parts with the power pack at the front right of the hull, driver front left and the troops compartment at the rear. The vehicle can be equipped with the dual power DI 12 Scania diesel engine produces 543 horsepower, or it can be replaced with DC 12 Scania Diesel engine produces 480 horsepower. This depending on customer requirements.
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Maximum road speed is over 100 km/h on ideal surfaces with an operational road range of approximately 850 km depending on configuration and diesel engine fitted. The hull sits atop an 8×8 wheeled arrangement across four axles, all wheels are suspended through an independent hydropneumatic arrangement for optimal cross country travel. The central tyre inflation capability gives reduced ground pressure.
All wheels have independent suspension, and In the suspension system there are hydro-pneumatic elements with optional vehicle ride height control. The vehicle can negotiate 60% forward slopes, 30% side slopes, 0.7m vertical step and trenches up to 2.0m in width. It can ford water up to 1.5m in depth without any preparation. The vehicle is also amphibious by design and can reach speeds of up to 10 km/h in water by way of an integrated propulsion system.
Dependent upon arrangment and purpose of use as well as customer requirements, a weapon station or turret can be mounted in the middle of the top hull. The high payload of the Patria AMV allows the use of various types of weapon systems that can be integrated on the vehicle, from 7.62 mm to 105 mm turret systems or 120 mm mortar system. The standard Finnish Army Patria AMVs are armed with Protector M151 remote weapon stations, fitted with 12.7 mm machine gun and 40 mm automatic grenade launcher. This variant is known as the XA-360 in Finnish Army service.
The Patria AMV can carry a total of 11 military personnel including driver, commander, gunner and 8 troops. The commander hatch is located immediately on the back of the driver position. There is two more large hatches at the rear of the troops compartment roof. The infantrymen can enter and leave the vehicle via a large door located at the rear of the hull that opens to the right. The rear door is fitted with small bullet proof window and one firing port. The driver is provided with a single-piece hatch cover that opens to the rear and with a day periscope on the front, which can be replaced by a passive night vision device.
Currently Patria AMV is being run by the Finnish Army, other operators including Croatia, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Sweden and the United Arab Emirates. Future potential operators may include British Army and Bulgarian Land Forces. The Patria AMV partook in the Amphibious Combat Vehicle trials in the US. Lockheed Martin partnered with Patria offering the AMV under the name Havoc, but ended cooperation with Patria and offered a different vehicle for the program in July 2015. Up to now, a total of 1906 vehicles have been ordered. Polish version of Patria AMV known as KTO Rosomak has participated in activities as a part of the International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan since 2007. The APCs were equipped with additional steel-composite armor.
In early 2008, a Polish Rosomak serving in Afghanistan was attacked by Taliban rebels. The vehicle was hit three times with RPG-7 rockets but it managed to fire back and returned to base without any help required. In June 2008, a Rosomak was attacked by Taliban and was hit in its frontal armor with an RPG. The armour was not penetrated, Rosomaks have also been attacked by mines and improvised explosive devices. In 2009, the first soldier was reported killed inside a Rosomak after an Improvised explosive device exploded under the vehicle. Similar attacks occurred before, but without casualties. United Arab Emirates Army used 8×8 Patria AMVs fitted with remotely operatred turrets in an offensive along the west coast of Yemen.