The Patria Pasi, also known as the Sisu XA-180, is a six-wheeled armored personnel carrier (APC) manufactured in Finland.
The Finnish Patria Pasi is a line of armored personnel carriers that are appreciated for their mobility as well as outstanding protection, and it is having the opportunity to prove itself on the Ukrainian battlefield. Finland reportedly donated an unknown number of XA-180s to Ukraine as part of a military and humanitarian aid package following the escalations of the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War. According to reports, at least one has been lost in combat.
The Patria Pasi, also known as the Sisu XA-180, is a six-wheeled armored personnel carrier (APC) manufactured in Finland. During the period from 1984 to 2003, about 1,300 units were produced. It was designed for easy operation, simple structure and low maintenance cost. Sisu XA-180 armored personnel carriers were first seen in units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in September.
The vehicle is based on the Sisu SA-150 military truck and uses many identical automotive components. The layout of the XA-180 is conventional for a wheeled APC with the engine located just behind the driver on the left-hand side with the troop compartment at the rear. This APC offers more internal space than similar vehicles. It provides accommodation for up to 10 fully equipped troops. Soldiers enter and leave via two doors in the hull rear or roof hatches.
The hull provides protection against the firing of small arms and artillery shell splinters. Hull bottom has improved mine protection. The front windows are bullet-resistant. These are covered with protective hatches in combat conditions. Self-defense weapon is a 12.7mm heavy machine gun on the roof. Vehicle has a number of firing ports, so occupants can also fire their weapons.
The vehicle has continuous six-wheel drive and good capabilities for off-road driving. It can take inclines up to a maximum of 60°. The Sisu XA-180 is powered by a Valmet 611 diesel engine, developing 236 hp. it can run at a maximum road speed of 100 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 800 km.
The Pasi is popular in peacekeeping missions due to its mobility, non-aggressive appearance, and good protection against mines and improvised explosive devices (IED). The vehicle also offers a good combination of armament, comfort, mine protection, protection against shrapnel and small calibre fire, road speed, short time of learning how to drive, and an acceptable terrain mobility.