To meet the current combat conditions and replace the old BWP-1 combat vehicle, Poland launches a new generation infantry fighting vehicle, the Borsuk.
It is known that these vehicles were field tested by the Polish army at the Orzysz training ground on November 14, 2022. The tracked IFV was tested by soldiers of the 15th Separate Mechanized Brigade of the Polish Army.
Polish Defense Minister Mariusz Błaszczak emphasized that the Borsuk will be the main combat vehicle of the 15th Mechanized Brigade next to the K2 main battle tank purchased from Korea. Borsuk is an armored infantry fighting vehicle manufactured by Huta Stalowa Wola (HSW). Development of this vehicle began in 2014 and the first version was unveiled in September 2017 at the Polish Defense Exhibition.
Borsuk weighs 25 tons, when equipped with additional armor, it can be up to 40 tons. The vehicle has a length of 7.5 m, a width of 3.5 m and a height of 2.7 m. Borsuk IFV is equipped with basic armor, capable of protecting against shell fragments and mine blasts. In addition, Borsuk can also install other armor layers depending on requirements and tasks.
The layout of the Borsuk is divided into three main sections with the driver’s position in the front left, a turret mounted in the middle, and the troop compartment at the rear. The vehicle’s combat crew has 3 people including: driver, gunner and commander. It can also carry up to 8 fully armed soldiers.
Borsuk is based on a tracked chassis developed and manufactured entirely in Poland. The vehicle uses a MTU 8V199 TE20 diesel engine with a capacity of 720 horsepower, allowing it to travel at a speed of 70 km/h, a range of 600 km. When overcoming water obstacles, the IFV can develop a speed of up to 8 km/h.
The Borsuk is fitted with a remotely-controlled turret, which was developed under the ZSSW-30 program. It is armed with a 30 mm cannon. There is a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun and two Spike LR anti-tank guided missile launchers. The turret has a modern fire control system with a hunter-killer capability. The ZSSW-30 turret has been developed as a separate program.
Due to an on-board weapon system, the infantry fighting vehicle has the ability to fight infantry, armored vehicles, air targets and other objects in all weather conditions and at any time of the day. It is estimated that a single Borsuk IFV could cost around $6.6 million. Cost of the Polish remotely-controlled turret would constitute almost 50% of the vehicle value.
After the test program, the military will give the designers of the combat vehicle their comments on ergonomics and use of equipment. The successful completion of the state tests will initiate negotiations on the launch of serial production and the conclusion of contracts for the supply of Borsuk IFVs for the Armed Forces of Poland.