The QRSAM, like many modern missiles, is a canister-based system

India has successfully tested a surface-to-air missile in Odisha

Indian media reported that at the beginning of November 2020, India has successfully test-fired the Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM) system off the coast of Balasore in Odisha. The missile hit on to a pilotless target aircraft at medium range and altitude.

The QRSAM system was developed by DRDO of India to replace the weapons systems developed in the Soviet era. According to the plan, QRSAM will be officially put into operation in 2021. Frontier units will be given priority to equip this new air defense system.

QRSAM - Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile
QRSAM – Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile

Specifications of QRSAM

The QRSAM, like many modern missiles, is a canister-based system, which means that it is stored and operated from specially designed compartments. In the canister, the inside environment is controlled, thus along with making its transport and storage easier, the shelf life of weapons also improves significantly.

This missile is an all-weather, all-terrain surface-to-air missile equipped with electronic counter measures against jamming by aircraft radars.

QRSAM uses solid-fuel propellant and has a range of 25–30 km. The single-staged missile utilized by the system is propelled using solid propellants. The missile is equipped with a midcourse inertial navigation system with a two-way data link and a DRDO-developed terminal active seeker. The system has the capability to search and track targets while moving.

QRSAM is a compact weapon system and is mobile. It has a fully automated Command and Control System. The missile system comprises two four-walled radars both of which encompass a 360-degree coverage, namely, the Active Array Battery Surveillance Radar and the Active Array Battery Multifunction Radar, apart from the launcher.

QRSAM’s potential competitors are China and Pakistan

India has two potential rivals, China and Pakistan. The QRSAM is primarily designed and developed by DRDO to provide a protective shield to moving armoured columns of the Army from enemy aerial attacks. The entire weapon system has been configured on a mobile and manoeuvrable platform and is capable of providing air defence on the move.

Babur is completely in the interception ability of QRSAM

QRSAM’s opponent is likely to be Pakistan’s Babur cruise missile.

Babur is a short-range turbojet powered subsonic cruise missile that can be launched from land or underwater seaborne platforms. The missile was first tested in 2005 and is widely believed to have entered service with the Pakistan Army in 2010, and the Pakistan Navy in 2018.

Babur incorporates the most modern cruise missile technology of Terrain Contour Matching (Tercom) and Digital Scene Matching and Area Co-relation (DSMAC), which enhances its precision and effectiveness manifolds. Babur’s range is about 700 – 1,000km.

Although Babur is considered a smart weapon, the Indian side confirmed that this missile is completely in the QRSAM’s interception capabilities.

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