Aircrafts are modern and high-class flying vehicles, which today play an indispensable role in social life, economic and especially military.

Normally, only countries with a developed defense industry can produce aircraft. However, there are countries with absolutely no developed aircraft industry, but they still produce aircraft and fighters in a surprising way.

JF-17 Thunder (Pakistan)

The JF-17 is a fourth-generation light fighter aircraft, built by China’s Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group (CAC) in cooperation with Pakistan Aeronautical Complex (PAC). The JF-17/FC-1 is a single-engine fighter derived from the Soviet MiG-29 prototypes.

The first two were delivered to the Pakistan Air Force on March 12, 2007. JF-17/FC-1 was designed as a low-cost aircraft that can still meet tactical and strategic Pakistan Air Force needs.

JF-17 Thunder (Pakistan)
JF-17 Thunder (Pakistan)

Niki (Bulgaria)

Niki Rotor Aviation is the only propeller aircraft manufacturer in Bulgaria. The company specializes in designing and manufacturing propeller aircraft as a kit for amateur aviation.

The aircraft was noted for its elegant, self-contained cockpit design and the use of US-made Vortech rotor. In addition, the company produces model aircraft of various sizes and uses.

The Niki Kalithea aircraft was first introduced in 2011 with two tandem seats. The aircraft has an empty weight of 250 kg and a maximum take-off weight of 560 kg.

Niki (Bulgaria)
Niki (Bulgaria)

Airo (UAE)

Airo Aviation was founded in 2006 to provide the sport aviation industry.

The company has created a history in the UAE aviation industry by launching the first AIRO 1 and AIRO 5 light aircraft, under license from Czech Urban Air. The Airo 5 UL is a two-seat multipurpose aircraft, single-engine, low-mouted wings, a licensed version of Urban Air Samba.

The plane has three wheels, one under the nose and two below the wings. The fuselage is made primarily of carbon fiber material.

Airo (UAE)
Airo (UAE)

AeroAndina (Colombia)

AeroAndina is a Colombian aircraft manufacturer based in Santiago de Cali, Colombia. The company was founded in 1971 with the name Agrocopteros Ltda. In 1998, the company name was changed to Tecnologias Aeronanomas SA, also known as Aerotec SA.

The company was liquidated in the early 2000s and reorganized under its current name. The company currently specializes in designing, manufacturing ultralight aircraft and light sport aircraft. In its history, the company has produced 440 aircraft.

There are currently a few models still in use. For example, the AeroAndina MXP-1000 Tayrona, has a flight speed of 190 km/h, a range of 600 km, and a ceiling of 3,660 m.

AeroAndina (Colombia)
AeroAndina (Colombia)

BRM (Portugal)

Portugal can hardly be called an aviation industrial power, they only have one aircraft manufacturer. BRM Aircraft Manufacturing is a Portuguese aircraft manufacturer based in Pero Pinheiro.

BRM specializes in designing and manufacturing ultralight aircraft in the form of an amateur kit. The company is recognized as one of the very few light aircraft manufacturers in Portugal, a country not known for its aircraft manufacturing industry. The BRM Cican is a two-seat ultra small aircraft, hight-mounted wings.

BRM (Portugal)
BRM (Portugal)

IPTN (Indonesia)

IPTN is the Indonesian aerospace company known as Indonesia PT Dirgantara Indonesia. IPTN specializes in designing and manufacturing civil and military aircraft.

Has existed since 1976, however IPTN is the successor of the previous aircraft manufacturing plants established by the Indonesian Air Force in 1946. At different times, the company has produced many types of aircraft, both licensed and exclusive, as well as equipment and accessories.

In addition, IPTN also has aircraft maintenance and repair services. One of the outstanding products of IPTN is CASA/IPTN CN-235, a joint development with Spain’s Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA.

IPTN
IPTN Indonesia

Raj Hamsa (India)

Raj Hamsa is a privately owned company, specializing in manufacturing ultra-light aircraft of India, was established in 1980 at Pond Richry, by Joel Koechlin of France. The company is one of India’s largest aircraft manufacturers and the only commercial micro-aircraft manufacturer.

The Raj Hamsa X-Air is the base model upon which this entire product line is based.

Raj Hamsa (India)
Raj Hamsa (India)

Utva (Serbia)

Utva Aviation is a Serbian aircraft manufacturer based in Pančevo. The company has existed since 1937, and after the collapse of Yugoslavia the company is still operating successfully in Serbia to this day.

The first prototype of the Lasta sports training plane took off in 1985, today it is evolved into the Lasta 95 aircraft. Lasta’s largest order came from Iraq in 2007 with 36 aircraft.

Lasta 95
Lasta 95

IAR (Romania)

Romanian Aeronautic Industry is Romania’s oldest aircraft and helicopter manufacturer. The company was established in 1925. The company has created many different types of aircraft depending on the purpose of use.

Today, the company only produces helicopters. For example, IAR 330L Puma military transport helicopter. The Romanian Air Force has a fleet of 104 IAR 330L helicopters.

IAR 330 helicopters have also been exported to Pakistan, Sudan, Lebanon, Kenya and the UAE. IAR 330L Puma is an upgraded version, equipped with a new avionics package and new weapon system.

The Romanian Air Force started its IAR 330L helicopter upgrade program in the 1990s.

IAR 330L Puma
IAR 330L Puma

AIDC (Taiwan)

Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation (AIDC) was founded in 1969, today designs and manufactures many military-civil aircraft.

The most famous aircraft is the AIDC F-CK-1 Ching-kuo light multi-role fighter, that can operate in all weather conditions. The aircraft was researched and built by Taiwan with the help of the United States.

AIDC F-CK-1 Ching-kuo
AIDC F-CK-1 Ching-kuo

They were developed on the basis of American F-16 fighter jets. So far 131 have been produced since they were officially commissioned in Taiwan’s air force in 1994.

AIDC F-CK-1 Ching-kuo is considered to be on par with China’s J-10 fighter.

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