The Turkish T-300 Kasirga is the only NATO rocket system that can match the Russian BM-30 Smerch.
With a huge 300 mm ammunition, the T-300 is one of the longest-range rocket artillery systems in NATO’s arsenal that can reach up to 120 km, much farther than the M270’s range. T-300 Kasirga large-caliber rockets supplied by Turkey to Ukraine is a prospect that is causing concern to Russia.
The Turkish-made T-300 Kasirga multiple rocket launcher can help the Ukrainian Army launch precise attacks from long distances with very high accuracy, which is clearly an extremely scary weapon. Recently, international media reported that the Ukrainian Army for the first time used Turkish-made TRLG-230 guided rocket artillery, with a range of 70 km and a deviation of only about 5 m, which is equivalent to US HIMARS. In addition to TRLG-230, Turkey also provides Ukraine with a number of 122 mm multiple rocket launchers, the T-122 Sakarya, which is essentially an upgrade based on the famous Soviet BM-21 Grad. And yet, a Ukrainian military source said that the T-300 Kasirga large rocket launcher system will be the next weapon that Turkey provides the country’s army, possibly as soon as December 2022.
Developed by the Turkish defense industry giant Rocketsan since 1997, the T-300 Kasirga system is essentially a modification of the Chinese WS-1B prototype. The Kasirga entered service with the Turkish military in 2000. In 2016 it was exported to Azerbaijan. These artillery rockets saw action during the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war. In 2019 Bangladesh ordered a regiment of these rocket systems. 18 units have been delivered to the Bangladesh Army in June 2021.
The T-300 Kasirga, also known as the TRG-300 Tiger, uses the TR-300 series rocket. The rockets are actually 320 mm in diameter, though these are sometimes referred simply as 300 mm, hence the “300” designations. This system is used to engage priority targets with guided rockets at ranges up to 90-120 km. Typical targets for this system are hostile artillery batteries and air defense systems, command posts, radar sites, logistical facilities, assembly areas and other high priority targets.
The system consists of four 300 mm tube launchers placed on the MAN off-road truck chassis. Typical battery systems are composed of a Command and Control Vehicle with between six and nine launcher vehicles and an equal number of resupply and reloading vehicles. Each rocket has four fixed fins and reaches a maximum flight altitude of 30,000m with a maximum speed of Mach 4.2. The rockets use a composite solid propellant system and are usually fitted with a Blast Fragmentation warhead consisting of 26,000 steel balls. The system has aerodynamic control with electromechanical actuation system.
The launch vehicle can be based on a 6×6 or 8×8 tactical wheeled truck chassis, equipped with four hydraulic stabilisation jacks for better stabilisation. This rocket system is operated by a crew of 3. It takes around 20 minutes to prepare the launcher vehicle to fire. The launcher vehicle uses automatic fire control system with manual backup.