The T-72M2 Moderna was proposed to the Slovak Army as well as to export customers. However it did not receive production orders.

In the mid-1970s, the Czechoslovakian ZTS Dubnica plant received technical documentation for the license production of Soviet T-72M main battle tanks. It entered service with Czechoslovakian army in 1981. In the early 1990s after the dissolution of the Czechoslovakia, various upgrade programs were developed both in Czech Republic and Slovakia to keep their fleets of T-72 MBTs operational and combat capable. First prototype of the T-72M2 Moderna was revealed in 1993.

The T-72M2 Moderna was proposed to the Slovak Army as well as to export customers. However it did not receive production orders. Slovakia never ordered this tank due to funding problems. the T-72M2 Moderna Upgrade Package was conceived on the basis of maximum use of available resources, so design changes were minimal compared to the T-72M MBT.

T-72M2 Moderna
T-72M2 Moderna

The T-72M2 Moderna has improved protection. The tank is fitted with DYNAS explosive reactive armor. The second prototype is fitted with a cage armor that provides protection against RPG rounds. The tank has a laser warning receiver. It notifies when the tank is illuminated by a laser beam and identifies direction of the threat. Then smoke grenades can be discharged to hide the tank. The tank is fitted with new automatic fire suppression system.

T-72M2 Moderna is fitted with a modernized 2A45MS 125 mm smoothbore gun, which is fitted with an autoloader. So this tank has a crew of three, including commander, gunner and driver. There is a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun. The first prototype was fitted with two Swiss 20 mm cannons, mounted on either side of the turret. These could engage air and ground targets. The second prototype was fitted with a single 30 mm cannon, from the Soviet BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicle.

The tank has got new VEGA fire control system, new ballistic computer and new sensors of Belgian and French origin. Vehicle commander uses panoramic sight. The same sight is used on the French Leclerc, and some other modern MBTs. This tank has got a hunter-killer engagement capability. Once commander spots and identifies the target, he lays the gun and lets the gunner complete all the aiming and firing process. During that time commander looks for the next target.

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