The T-80BVM is the latest version of the T-80 family, upgraded from the T-80BV main battle tank.
During the 2018-2019 period, about 40 T-80BVM tanks were equipped for the tank battalion of the 200th Omsbr.
On January 13, 2021, the Russian manufacturer of heavily armored vehicles, Uralvagonzavod issued a press release in which it says that the Russian army has received modernized T-80BVM tanks. The entire batch went to the customer at the end of December. The number of new equipment in the party has not been reported.
Modernized T-80 tank
The T-80BVM is a fully modernized machine. Its armor has been further improved, and in addition to the original armor thickness equivalent of 450 to 530 mm of RHA steel, the T-80BVM is equipped with the Relikt explosive reactive armor. The T-80BVM was the first operational tank to be fitted with this new explosive reactive armor. The Relikt provides protection against tandem warheads and reduces penetration of APFSDS rounds by over 50%. According to some sources, the tank can be equipped with the Arena active defense system.
The tank is fitted with rubber side skirts, with built-in armor plates. Rear parts of the hull and turret are covered by cage armor. The T-80BVM is reportedly fitted with a passive countermeasures system, which improved protection against some types of anti-tank guided missiles.
In terms of armament, the T-80BVM still retains a 125 mm smoothbore gun. However, this is a new gun, the 2A46M-4, which has a longer range and is 15-20% more accurate than the T-80BV’s 2A46M-1.
The 2A46M-4 is compatible with the newly developed APFSDS Svinets-1 and Svinets-2 rounds with tungsten and depleted uranium penetrators. Effective range for APFSDS ammunition is 2-3 km at day and reduced to 2-2.6 km at night. Armor penetration is about 590-630 mm at a distance of 2 km.
Secondary armament consists of a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun and roof-mounted 12.7 mm machine gun. Fire control system has also been upgraded.
Gas turbine engine
The T-80BVM has received an improved GTD-1250ТF gas turbine engine with 1,250 horsepower. It was essentially a helicopter engine, modified for use in tanks.
To solve the problem of excessive fuel consumption, Russian engineers equipped the tank with an auxiliary power supply, which supplies power to all systems, when the main engine is turned off. The T-80BVM has outstanding cross-country performance compared to diesel-powered tanks. The tank can be maneuvered with a maximum speed of about 70km/h, a range of 500km. T-80BVM is operated by a crew of 3: commander, gunner and driver.
|Country of origin||Russia|
|Dimensions and weight|
|Length (gun forward)||9.56 m|
|Hull length||7.01 m|
|Main gun||125 mm smoothbore|
|Machine guns||1 x 12.7 mm, 1 x 7.62 mm|
|Elevation range||– 5 to + 14 degrees|
|Traverse range||360 degrees|
|Main gun||45 rounds|
|Machine guns||300 x 12.7 mm, 1 250 x 7.62 mm rounds|
|Engine||GTD-1250TF gas turbine|
|Engine power||1 250 hp|
|Maximum road speed||70 km/h|
|Vertical step||1 m|
|Fording (with preparation)||5 m|