Russian media said that the Russian Army’s T-90M Proryv tanks operating on the front were equipped with new generation 3VOF128 Telnik shells.

In addition to upgrades to the engine, armor, or fire control system, ammunition is also another significant upgrade that makes the T-90 increasingly more dangerous on the battlefield. It is estimated that there are about 2,000 T-90s being used in military forces of countries around the world. Uralvagonzavod’s upgrade strategy means that the T-90 tank, first produced at the end of the 20th century, can now compete with the most advanced tank models in the world.

Russian media said that the Russian Army’s T-90M Proryv tanks operating on the front were equipped with new generation 3VOF128 Telnik shells, as part of a new form of combat aimed at neutralizing enemy infantry. The Commander-in-Chief of the Ground Forces, Army General Oleg Salyukov, spoke about the use of ammunition called “Telnik”. The crews of Russian T-90M tanks use new high-explosive fragmentation shells 3VOF128 “Telnik” to destroy Ukrainian infantry. These munitions, also called shrapnel fragmentation or beam-fragmentation ammunition, make it possible to cover enemy personnel with ready-made submunitions after being detonated in the air.

The “Telnik” multifunctional projectile is included in the arsenal of only the T-90M “Proryv” tanks, since its use requires the appropriate equipment. The complete complex looks like this: a tank ballistic computer adapted to the new type of shot and its ballistics, a unit for entering information into the ammunition itself, a docking device and the 125-mm 3VOF128 shot itself with a fragmentation-type projectile with an air explosion on the trajectory.

As stated, the effectiveness of using “Telnik” in terms of enemy manpower is 6-8 times higher than the standard 3OF26 high-explosive fragmentation projectile. When detonated, the projectile throws out 5,4 kg of fragments and finished elements, which cover the affected area with a cone. The projectile has the contours and weight of a standard ZOF26 high-explosive fragmentation tank projectile.

One of the outstanding aspects of using Telnik ammunition is its ability to cause both physical and psychological damage to enemy soldiers. The sudden and violent nature of the explosion, combined with the unpredictable trajectory of the shrapnel, can create a sense of fear and panic for those in the affected area. The psychological impact can then be long-lasting, leading to post-traumatic stress disorder, or lead to other mental health problems that are extremely difficult to treat.

Furthermore, the devastation caused by tank shells could be demoralizing for soldiers, because it demonstrated the sheer power and destructive potential of modern warfare. In addition, Russia’s T-90M tank is also capable of firing many types of guided missiles, significantly enhancing combat capabilities. One of the most commonly used is the 9M119 Refleks (AT-11 Sniper) anti-tank missile. This missile has a range of up to 5 km and is designed to penetrate heavily armored targets. It uses a laser guidance system, allowing it to accurately hit the intended target even at long range. The upgraded version of the Refleks missile has an extended range of up to 8 km with improved armor penetration, making it even more effective against heavily armored targets.

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