Russian media reported that the US actually transferred 3 complexes with 36 NASAMS anti-aircraft missile launchers to Ukraine instead of just 2 as initially announced, both Moscow and Kiev have not commented on the information given by the Russian side.

Although the US publicly announced the transfer to Ukraine of 2 complexes with 24 NASAMS anti-aircraft missile launchers, however, Russia’s Aiva page said that Washington had actually transferred to Kiev 3 complexes with 36 launchers.

With 36 launchers containing 216 missiles in a state of combat readiness, the NASAMS air defense complex can repel a large enemy air attack.

Simultaneous deployment of three batteries of the NASAMS air defense missile system can significantly enhance Ukraine’s air defense capabilities.

In August, the Ukrainian military may receive additional German IRIS-T air defense missile systems. Thus, Kiev’s air defense capability will increase greatly and may seriously threaten Russia’s air combat capability in the Ukrainian battlefield.

NASAMS is one of the most successful weapons projects in Norwegian history, as well as the only fixed air defense complex trusted and deployed by the US to protect the airspace of Washington capital.

The system was developed by the Norwegian corporation Kongsberg Defense & Aerospace and the US Raytheon, entered service in 1998 and is in service with the militaries of 9 countries.

The development of NASAMS originated from the “Hawk Study” research program conducted by Norway in the 1990s, to compare the effectiveness of the German Roland II air defense system with the US-made MIM-23 Hawk complex.

This Study used computers to simulate a series of anti-aircraft missions with various scenarios. Research shows that each of the German and American systems is suitable for the protection of certain areas, in which the upgraded MIM-23 complex demonstrates strength in priority defense zones.

Based on the results from the Hawk Study, Oslo began to build a command network incorporating the MIM-23 anti-aircraft missile, later named “Norwegian adapted HAWK” (NOAH).

The system entered service in the 1980s, but because the MIM-23 systems were too expensive, Norway still had to rely on the old Hercules shield to protect its western territory.

NOAH’s modular design allows it to integrate the AIM-120 AMRAAM medium-range surface-to-air missile, which is used on US and allied 4th generation fighters.

Realizing that this missile could be turned into a ground-launched anti-aircraft weapon, Norway then launched the NASAMS system, using NOAH’s design with AMRAAM missile ammunition.

NASAMS has a range of about 25-30 km with very high accuracy. The complex can also fire all types of missiles used on NATO aircraft.

Western experts say that NASAMS is a significant step forward compared to the man-portable air defense missiles that the West has given Ukraine in the past four months.

NASAMS is also much more modern than Kiev’s medium and short-range air defense systems. It is considered a significant addition in the context that Ukraine has lost at least 25 S-300 missile launchers and many Buk-M1 medium-range air defense systems without alternatives.

The NASAMS system is designed to intercept low-flying cruise missiles, one of the biggest threats to the Ukrainian capital today.

The appearance of NASAMS can help Ukraine better cope with missile strikes, especially when its fighters face many difficulties in their efforts to intercept Russian missiles.


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