The Type 87 Reconnaissance and Patrol Vehicle, is a 6×6 wheeled Armoured Fighting Vehicle, developed for the armed reconnaissance role.

Komatsu is a well-known Japanese corporation, that manufactures construction, mining, forestry, diesel engines and industrial equipment, and military equipment. In fact, the company since the 1980s provided the Type 82 NBC reconnaissance vehicle and the Type 87 Reconnaissance and Patrol Vehicle for Japanese Ground Self-Defense Forces.

The Type 87 Reconnaissance and Patrol Vehicle, is a 6×6 wheeled Armoured Fighting Vehicle, developed for the armed reconnaissance role. The vehicle is based on the chassis of the Type 82 command post vehicle. Both vehicles have a 6×6 wheelbase and share many automotive components. The vehicle weighs about 15 tons, is 5.99 meters long, 2.48 meters wide, and 2.8 meters high. The crew of 5 includes: driver, radio operator, gunner, observer and commander.

Type 87 ARV
Type 87 ARV

The main armament is a Japanese version of the Oerlikon Contraves 25 millimeter autocannon produced under licence, which can fire various kinds of ammunition at up to 600 rounds per minute. Its armor, while sturdy enough to protect the vehicle and crew against small arms fire and grenade shrapnel, will not protect against heavier ordnance. It is well armed for its class but lacks truly amphibious capabilities, being only able to ford up to 1.5 metres of water.

Type 87 is powered by an Isuzu 10PBI diesel engine, with 305 hp, for a top speed of 100 km/h, an operating range of 500 km. There is a central tire inflation system to cross the most sloppy grounds. The Type 87 can climb a 60% gradient, 30% side slope, 60 cm vertical step and 1.5 m trench.

Given its mobility, the Type 87 serves as an “Armored Reconnaissance” and can operate independently or as part of a fast-moving armored force – conducting critical scouting, fire support, and convoy defense sorties as needed. As its designation suggests, the type was taken into service in 1987 and continues with an active presence in the JGSDF.

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